How to Live With Egg Allergies

Egg allergies are commonly found in children when they begin to eat table foods, but reactions can also occur during breastfeeding after the mother consumes eggs. Food allergies are generally caused by an immune system overreaction. The yolks and whites contain proteins that produce the reaction. Usually, it’s the egg whites that cause the most allergic reactions.


Symptoms associated with egg allergy can vary from person to person and may be mild or severe. Some people experience nasal inflammation, or rhintitis, that swells sinus passages and makes it harder to breathe. There may also be itchy eyes and dry throat that occurs a few minutes to a few hours after consuming the eggs.


Eggs can also trigger asthma in some people. Symptoms include shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, and tightness in the chest. Avoiding eggs and products that contain eggs is the best way to avoid asthma attacks. However, many labels do not list eggs in the ingredients though the product may contain eggs. Other names you can watch for include ovalbumin, ovovitellin, ovomucoid, albumin, ovoglobulin, and globulin.

Hives or Rash

Egg allergies can also produce symptoms of hives, which are raised welts on hands, feet or other parts of the body. Eczema symptoms (small, white pimples that itch) may also appear. If the pimples are broken, they ooze fluid and can become infected. Your physician will prescribe a topical medication to treat the condition.


Anaphylaxis is a severe reaction to an allergic substance, such as eggs, that cause the airways to constrict, inhibiting breathing. This is a serious condition that requires immediate medical treatment. It generally causes a swollen throat, a drop in blood pressure, and a rapid pulse. The person may feel lightheaded or may even lose consciousness. Get medical help immediately. Those who have had previous anaphylactic reactions to eggs should get epinephrine from their physicians to use in case of a sudden reaction.

Flu Shots and Egg Allergies

People with egg allergies may have reactions from flu shots, which are cultured in a medium that contains eggs. If an individual with a severe egg allergy still requires a flu shot, it can be given in the office of a physician who can immediately apply treatment for the reaction.

Outgrowing Egg Allergies

Many children outgrow their allergy to eggs by the age of five years. However, some people may continue to be allergic to eggs throughout their lives and must avoid egg products to prevent the onset of symptoms. Consult your physician for ways to manage symptoms if you continue to have egg allergies well into adulthood.